Check the Pros and Cons of Rezum Treatment

If you have been dealing with frequent urination, weak urine stream, or other symptoms of an enlarged prostate, you may have heard of Rezum treatment. Rezum is a minimally invasive procedure that uses steam to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

It is a relatively new technology that has been gaining popularity in recent years. However, like any medical procedure, it has its pros and cons. In this article, we will take a closer look at the pros and cons of Rezum treatment, so that you can decide whether it is right for you.

What is Rezum Treatment?

Rezum treatment is a minimally invasive procedure that uses steam to shrink the prostate. During the procedure, a small needle is inserted into the prostate tissue and heated steam is delivered to the prostate.

Check the Pros and Cons of Rezum Treatment
Check the Pros and Cons of Rezum Treatment

The steam causes the prostate tissue to shrink, which helps to alleviate the symptoms of BPH. Rezum treatment is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and takes approximately 30 minutes to complete.

Pros of Rezum Treatment:

Minimally invasive: Rezum treatment is a minimally invasive procedure, which means that there is minimal disruption to the body and a shorter recovery time than traditional surgery.

Effective: Rezum treatment has been shown to be effective in reducing the symptoms of BPH in many men. According to clinical studies, more than 90% of men who undergo Rezum treatment experience a significant improvement in their symptoms.

Long-lasting: Unlike medication, which may only provide temporary relief from BPH symptoms, Rezum treatment is a long-lasting solution. The improvements in BPH symptoms can last for several years.

Cons of Rezum Treatment:

Limited research: While there have been several clinical studies of Rezum treatment, the technology is still relatively new and there is limited long-term data on its effectiveness.

Side effects: Rezum treatment can cause side effects such as painful urination, blood in the urine, and urinary tract infections.

Not suitable for all men: Rezum treatment may not be suitable for men with very large prostates or men with certain medical conditions.

What are the Benefits of Rezum Treatment?

Rezum treatment offers several benefits for men with BPH. Some of these benefits include:

Improved urinary symptoms: Rezum treatment can significantly improve the urinary symptoms associated with BPH, such as weak urine stream, frequent urination, and urgency.

Reduced medication use: Many men with BPH rely on medication to manage their symptoms. Rezum treatment can reduce or even eliminate the need for medication in some men.

Quick recovery: Because Rezum treatment is minimally invasive, the recovery time is relatively quick. Most men are able to return to normal activities within a few days after the procedure.

What are the Risks of Rezum Treatment?

While Rezum treatment is generally safe, there are some risks associated with the procedure. These risks include:

Painful urination: Many men experience painful urination after undergoing Rezum treatment. This is usually temporary and will go away on its own within a few weeks.

Urinary tract infections: Rezum treatment can increase the risk of urinary tract infections, which can be treated with antibiotics.

Bleeding: Rezum treatment can cause bleeding in the prostate, which can result in blood in the urine. This is usually temporary and will go away on its own.

Who is a Good Candidate for Rezum Treatment?

Rezum treatment may be a good option for men who are experiencing symptoms of BPH but do not want to undergo traditional surgery. However, not all men are good candidates for Rezum treatment.

Men with very large prostates may not be good candidates for Rezum treatment, as the technology is not designed to treat very large prostates. Additionally, men with certain medical conditions such as prostate cancer or urinary tract infections may not be suitable candidates for Rezum treatment.

How to Prepare for Rezum Treatment?

Before undergoing Rezum treatment, your doctor will likely perform several tests to determine whether you are a good candidate for the procedure. These tests may include a physical exam, a urine test, and a prostate biopsy. Your doctor will also give you instructions on how to prepare for the procedure, which may include avoiding certain medications or foods.


Rezum treatment offers several benefits for men with BPH. It is a minimally invasive procedure that can significantly improve urinary symptoms and reduce medication use. However, there are also some risks associated with Rezum treatment, and it may not be suitable for all men. If you are considering Rezum treatment for your BPH symptoms, be sure to discuss the pros and cons with your doctor to determine whether it is the right choice for you.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is Rezum treatment?

Rezum treatment is a minimally invasive, FDA-approved procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as an enlarged prostate. It uses water vapor therapy to reduce the size of the prostate and alleviate symptoms like frequent urination, weak urine flow, and difficulty starting or stopping urination.

2. How does Rezum treatment work?

Rezum treatment involves injecting small amounts of steam into the prostate tissue using a thin needle. The steam causes the targeted cells to die, leading to a reduction in prostate size. Over time, the body naturally absorbs the dead cells, further shrinking the prostate and improving the urinary symptoms associated with BPH.

3. What are the pros of Rezum treatment?

  • Minimally invasive: Rezum treatment is less invasive than traditional surgical options, reducing the risk of complications and offering a faster recovery time.
  • Short procedure duration: The treatment typically takes around 15-30 minutes and can be performed under local anesthesia.
  • Preservation of sexual function: Unlike some other BPH treatments, Rezum has a lower risk of causing erectile dysfunction or retrograde ejaculation.
  • No long-term medication: Rezum may eliminate the need for ongoing BPH medications, reducing potential side effects and costs.

4. What are the cons of Rezum treatment?

  • Temporary side effects: Some patients experience temporary side effects such as blood in the urine, pain during urination, or increased urgency to urinate following the procedure.
  • Not suitable for all patients: Rezum may not be effective for patients with extremely large prostates or those with certain prostate anatomies.
  • Potential need for retreatment: In some cases, a patient’s symptoms may return over time, necessitating additional treatments or alternative therapies.

5. How long does it take to see results from Rezum treatment?

Most patients begin to experience symptom improvement within a few weeks of the procedure, but it can take up to three months to see the full benefits of Rezum treatment. The timeline varies depending on the individual’s prostate size and severity of symptoms.

6. Is Rezum treatment covered by insurance?

Rezum treatment is generally covered by most insurance plans, including Medicare. However, it’s essential to check with your specific insurance provider to determine your coverage and any out-of-pocket costs you may be responsible for.

By Ishan Crawford

Prior to the position, Ishan was senior vice president, strategy & development for Cumbernauld-media Company since April 2013. He joined the Company in 2004 and has served in several corporate developments, business development and strategic planning roles for three chief executives. During that time, he helped transform the Company from a traditional U.S. media conglomerate into a global digital subscription service, unified by the journalism and brand of Cumbernauld-media.

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